A recent study demonstrates how removing fibroids that distort the shape of a woman's uterus can help prevent recurrent miscarriage. The British researchers looked at data from a large tertiary referral recurrent miscarriage clinic on women who had at least three consecutive miscarriages up to 24 weeks gestational age. They wanted to determine if fibroids were causing the repeated miscarriages and whether removing the fibroids would lead to improved outcomes.
The researchers divided the women into three groups: those with cavity-distorting fibroids who underwent surgery, women with fibroids that were not distorting the cavity and did not undergo any intervention, and a control group of women who had unexplained recurrent miscarriage. With exception of age, patient demographics across the groups were similar. However, on average, the patients with fibroids were slightly older than those women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage.